23:24   Tuesday, 20 August 2019
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Operative Cadastre
Correction of Initial Registrations
Initial Registrations and Correction Deadlines
Obvious Errors
Correction with a Judicial Decision

Initial Registrations and Correction Deadlines
Initial registrations are the ones that appear in the cadastral book of a region, as transferred from the cadastral tables, after the completion of the cadastral survey and before the commencement of the Cadastre’s operation in that specific region. Every posterior registration of a right is based on the initial registrations.
In case there is an inaccurate Initial registration it is possible to dispute and correct it partially or in the whole within seven (7) years from the date when the Cadastral Office began operating in a specific region. This deadline applies to local residents, the Greek State, people residing abroad or people who work permanently abroad (Law 4361/2016).   

Specifically for the areas under cadastral survey of 1996-1999, the deadline under a recent law (4585/2018) was set at fifteen years (15), with a milestone date on 30.11.2018.  In particular:
1. The finalization of the Initial Cadastral Registrations has already been made for the areas declared under cadastral survey before the publication and entry into force of the law 3481/2006 (old cadastral survey programs), for which the fourteen-year deadline, as was applied, expired within the year 2017.
2. For areas where the fourteen-year deadline expired in the year 2018, we clarify as follows:
A) Where the fourteen-year deadline and the extension granted to it have expired by 30.11.2018, the finalization of the Initial Cadastral Registrations and the irrefutable presumption derived from it has already been made for the cadastral records of the properties in the areas concerned.
B) Where the fourteen-year deadline and the extension granted to it have not expired by 30.11.2018, the fifteen-year deadline, which is extended by three (3) months, will apply.
3.  For the rest areas of the same category (old cadastral survey programs), a fifteen-year deadline for correcting the content of Initial Cadastral Registrations will apply.
Correction Procedures
The type of error the Initial registration contains also defines the correction procedure. More specifically, the law distinguishes between the cases which require an irrevocable judicial decision and the ones that are due to an obvious error and can be corrected administratively, without judicial intervention but with a decision by the Head of the Cadastral Office.
After the expiry of the deadlines mentioned above, the Initial registrations become final and they produce an irrefutable presumption, meaning changes in their content are prohibitted.
The correction deadline begins when the decision of Ministry of Environment & Energy, with which the entry into force of the Cadastre in the surveyed region is decided, is published in the Government Gazette.
Properties recorded to belong to an “Unknown Owner”
Properties (or rights on properties) which for any reason were not declared during the cadastral survey are recorded in the cadastral database as belonging to an “Unknown Owner”. For the correction of the initial registrations of “Unknown Owner” into a known owner, the same procedures –judicial or administrative correspondingly depending on the case– with the ones for the erroneous registrations stand. Specifically, the interested party should comply with the correction procedures that are laid down, after he/she has already located their property.
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